Like many medications, isotretinoin comes with a risk of side effects. Many people who take this medication experience some side effects, particularly during the first weeks of taking the medication. Most commonly, the side effects are manageable, and they may improve over time. Allergic reactions to Accutane are rare.
Prior to 2019, doctors reported that some people who took isotretinoin noticed an increase in feelings of depression. Some people reported feeling suicidal while taking the medication. It was not clear if the medication was causing the mental health symptoms. To understand whether there was a connection between isotretinoin and depression, in 2019, researchers evaluated the medical records of more than 38,000 patients aged 18 to 65. The records included people who had taken isotretinoin and people who had not.
The researchers found that 3.77% of the people who took isotretinoin reported depression symptoms. They also found that 4.81% of the people who did not take isotretinoin reported depression. They concluded that isotretinoin alone is not a cause of depression.
People with a history of depression should discuss that with their doctor before taking isotretinoin. Mental health is an important consideration in determining if isotretinoin is the right treatment.
Over the years, some people have developed inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during or after treatment with isotretinoin. That led to concerns that the drug was causing IBD. There have been multiple studies in the past decade that tried to determine if there is a link between the medication and IBD. No study could definitively show a causal link, and at least one study suggested a decreased risk of IBD after taking isotretinoin. Other studies suggest there may be a link between severe acne and IBD.
Isotretinoin can cause an upset stomach and other digestive symptoms. People who have a history of digestive issues should talk to their doctor before taking this medication.
The treatment time for isotretinoin varies — 85% of people respond to treatment after 16 weeks, and 13% respond after 5 to 6 months on isotretinoin. There is no unifying “treatment for everyone” regimen with Isotretinoin. Some patients may be treated longer with lower dosages and if higher dosages used, the duration may be short (but still not less than 5-6 months).
Because of the strict regulations on the medication, anyone taking it will need to check in with their doctor every 30 days to monitor progress and get a refill on their prescription. This offers an opportunity to change the dosage and address any side effects.
One of the biggest considerations before taking isotretinoin is the danger of pregnancy complications. Taking even a single dose of isotretinoin while pregnant poses a risk of miscarriage or other complications like premature birth.
It can also cause atypical fetal development, which can lead to conditions including:
The severe risks associated with isotretinoin have led to strict regulation over prescribing it. All doctors and pharmacies that prescribe and dispense the treatment are registered with an FDA program called the iPLEDGE Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy. Patients also have to enroll in the program before a doctor can write them a prescription. They must agree to the terms of the iPLEDGE program in order to receive treatment.
All patients who can become pregnant must agree to take a pregnancy test as soon as they decide to try isotretinoin. If the test is negative, they must begin a 30-day waiting period where they agree to use two forms of birth control. They will take a second pregnancy test before they can begin treatment.
Patients who can become pregnant must continue to use two forms of birth control for the duration of treatment and for one month after the last dose. Patients will have monthly appointments to refill their prescription, at which time their doctor will confirm that they are not pregnant. Monthly negative pregnancy tests are required to continue treatment. All appointments, pregnancy test results, and prescriptions for isotretinoin are recorded in the iPLEDGE system.
Isotretinoin likely does not transfer via sperm, so there is very little chance that a person taking isotretinoin could cause birth defects if they impregnate their partner during treatment. However, some people choose to use a condom to alleviate any potential risk.
Once patients complete treatment, they should continue to avoid pregnancy for at least 30 more days. Isotretinoin leaves the body within 35 days after stopping the medication. Pregnancy after that 35-day period is usually safe.
Isotretinoin is not approved for people younger than 12 years old. Patients should tell their doctor about any medications they are taking, including dietary supplements.
People on isotretinoin should not breastfeed or donate blood during treatment and for one month after the final dose.
Isotretinoin may not be advisable for people who have certain health conditions, including:
During treatment, it is important to use sun protection and avoid tanning beds because isotretinoin can increase the risk of sunburn.
In the past we did not recommend procedures such as microdermabrasion or laser skin resurfacing during treatment or for several months after the last dose because of potential risk of scarring. Today, recent studies demonstrated that accutane can be safely combined with cosmetic procedures under the guidance of an expert.
Viktoryia Kazlouskaya, MD, Ph.D., has been prescribing isotretinoin for more than two decades. She is highly experienced in making individual treatment plans to address the needs of each patient. She is an expert in the safety requirements for this treatment. She published the guidelines for isotretinoin use in her native Belarus about 20 years ago. While some patients will need small “baby” dosages of accutane and long treatment duration, others would be prescribed regular dosage – all depending on lifestyle, references, and goals.
She will also develop an individualized plan to cope with worsening of acne during accutane use (so-called purging) and diet recommendations. If patient has contraindications for accutane, an alternative treatment plan will be developed.
Dr. Kazlouskaya will help to get a discounted coupons for accutane is patient has no insurance or the medication is not covered.